Universitätsbibliothek Kassel, Landesbibliothek und Murhardsche Bibliothek der Stadt Kassel


The library's holdings comprise 61 complete and in part fragmentary manuscripts, letters, documents and other objects (including a part of an Egyptian sarcophagus, hieroglyphs) in Turkish, Arabic, Persian, Hebrew and other Asian languages (Chinese, Japanese, Mongolian, Tibetan, Sanskrit, Sinhalese, Tamil, Ethiopian).

The holdings have been complemented to this day both by bringing together individual items from other segments of the collection and by donations or occasional purchases of a wide variety of individual objects.

Collection history

The collection, which has been compiled under the shelf marks 'Ms. orient' and 'Ms. orient. Anhang', has always been an unsystematic collection containing written material of various types and origins in numerous non-European languages. The oldest preserved descriptions of oriental manuscripts in Kassel were prepared in 1740 by the Marburg Orientalist Nikolaus Wilhelm Schröder. They also include items that can no longer be traced in the collection and were probably lost at the latest during or soon after the bombardment of Kassel in September 1941.

The oldest parts of the collection are made up of objects that originated in the possession of the Counts of Hessen-Kassel and can already be identified in the Kunst- und Kuriositätenkammer des Landgrafen Moritz des Gelehrten (1572−1632). Particularly outstanding collection pieces were also mentioned by Johann Friedrich von Uffenbach in his travel report on his visit to Kassel in 1708. The collection received more significant growth under Moritz's great-grandson Landgraf Carl (1654−1730): both through plunder from the Turkish wars, which were venerated to the Landgarf, and in 1685 from the (so-called 'Palatine') inheritance of the extensive Heidelberg library of the Palatine Counts near the Rhine.


The fully digitised inventory catalogues can be found here .